The Maldives consists entirely of coral reefs the most diverse of all marine ecosystems. The reefs of Maldives consist of atolls and associated reef structures. A total of over 1000 species of fish have so far been catalogued from the reefs of Maldives. The total number of coral species recorded from the Maldives to date is about 200, representing over 60 genera. 51 species of echinoderms, 5 species of sea grasses and 285 species of alga have also been identified.
It is widely believed that coral reefs in the Maldives are in a relatively pristine state, and of high aesthetic quality. Apart from supporting a growing tourism and recreation industry, coral reefs also play a vital role in fisheries, and in the culture and life style of people in Maldives. Tourism, reef fishing, coral mining, dredging, reclamation and the construction of maritime structures and pollution represent some of the impacts on coral reefs. Reef Life Restoration is in discussions regarding assistance programs in sustainable reef growth systems for this vital reef region. Stay Tuned!